Post-General Education Programs (PGE). Both DM and FYE programs show high persistence rates, but FYE programs are less likely to attract transfer students and switchers. FYE graduates are the most likely to stick with their first choice of major (after completing FYE requirements), followed by DM graduates who begin in undesignated engineering (taking extra time to decide), then DM graduates who choose their major as part of the matriculation process, and then PGE graduates. FYE students also have the shortest time to graduation. We conclude that encouraging students to associate with engineering or an engineering discipline from the start, yet maintaining the curricular flexibility to allow alternate entry points onto the engineering path improves persistence, accessibility, effectiveness of major choice, and time to graduation. This study describes some of the advantages and disadvantages of different matriculation pathways into engineering, considering both first-time-in-college (FTIC) and transfer students. How FTIC students are admitted into engineering and subsequently matriculate into their engineering major varies by institution . While the U.S. engineering education system has a multiplicity of practices, we limit our discussion to the matriculation practices of the institutions . Best Matriculation School in Kumbakonam
included in this study. At institutions participating in the Multiple-Institution Database for Investigating Engineering Longitudinal Development (MIDFIELD, described in the Methods section), FTIC students may follow one of six pathways into a specific engineering major. They are admitted:
1.to a formal First-Year Engineering (FYE) program that they must complete before declaring a major; 2.directly to a specific engineering major; 3.after a period as an undesignated engineering student; 4.after completing as many as two years of general education at their institution; 5.to institutions with a Mostly Common First-Year (MCFY) where they may declare a major preference, but they cannot advance until they have met common first-year requirements; or 6.to a university-level general studies program from which they may migrate into engineering.